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SESAME

Sesame seeds are one of the oldest crops grown since antiquity; it is an annual plant, and it is extracted from the green leaf sesame plant

Sesame seeds

Sesame seeds are one of the oldest crops grown since antiquity; it is an annual plant, and it is extracted from the green leaf sesame plant (Sesame indicum), widely cultivated for their tiny and edible seeds. It is distinguished by its white or pink flowers, which take the form of bells, then turns into fruits that resemble the capsule, each of its fruits contains hundreds of seeds

 after its growth is complete and mature, they are taken and consumed as seeds, or oil is extracted from them. The sesame plant is found in most of the tropical, subtropical temperate areas of the world and its known locally in Sudan as “Semsem”.Sesame is Grown in South Kordofan, Darfur, Kasala, Senar, Gadarif, White and Blue Nile states in Sudan. Planting Sesame Indicum starts from May to June, and harvesting extends from October to November.

Sudan is one of the largest producers of sesame seeds in the world coming after India and China, and the third largest exporter after India and Ethiopia, contributing to about 23 % of the international sesame market.

In 2019 Sudan exported more than 580,000 metric tons of Sesame to different countries worldwideincluding China, Egypt, India, Switzerland’s, Jordan, KSA and Turkey.

Sesame Types

White sesame seeds

Brown (Red) sesame

Mixed Sesame seeds

Uses

 

 

    • Oil Industry.
    • Confectionary and Biscuit
    • industry.
    • Dip and Spread manufacturers.
    • Bakery Industry.
    • Halva Industry.
46-min
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