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GUM ARABIC

It’s a natural dry exudate gum consisting of hardened sap, obtained from the stems and branches of two species of Acacia trees

GUM Arabic

also known as gum sudani, gum acacia, meska and char goond. – Locally known as: al-samgh al-arabi.

It’s a natural dry exudate gum consisting of hardened sap, obtained from the stems and branches of two species of Acacia trees, Acacia Senegal and Acacia Seyal, which are found in the Belt of Africa, the gum is harvested commercially from the wild trees mostly in Sudan (80)% and throughout the Sahel, starts from Senegal at the west and ends in Sudan in the east (African Sahel). The acacia tree is found in dry regions of Sudan such as Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile.

Sudan is the greatest producer of gum arabic, since 1990s, Sudan’s exports of gum Arabic are now (2019) at about 160,000 tonnes.

Collection of Gum Arabic takes place at intervals, around Mid-October the farmers tab trees and the gum exudes. From December collection starts, three further collections are made at three weeks’ intervals. Gum is dry and ready to export by February.

GUM ARABIC Types

Gum Arabic Hashab/Kordofan Gum

Hand Picked Selected (HPS):particles size 16mm and above, Cleanest, lightest colour and comes in the form of large nodules.

Cleaned and Sifted: particles size 5mm – 16mm, comprises whole or broken lumps varying in colour from pale to dark amber.

Siftings (granules): particles size 0.5mm – 5mm, Fine particles remains after sorting choicer grades that contains some sand, bark and dirt.

Dust: particles size 0.5mm, very fine particles collected after the cleaning process, contains sand and dirt.

Gum Arabic Talha

Cleaned: particles size (4mm and above).

Sifting: particles size (0.5mm ~ 4mm).

Dust: particles size (under 0.5mm).

Uses

  • Printing
  • Paint Production
  • Glue
  • Soft Drinks (Coca-Cola, Pepsi)
  • Medical Industry (Capsules Shells)
  • Cosmetics
  • Confectionary (Chocolate and Chewing Gum)
  • Flavourings
  • Stabilising Agent for Frozen Dairy Desserts
  • Nutrition (Alimentary Fiber)
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